Utilities of Tuvalu
The country has eight power stations, with the largest located at Fongafale. All fossil fuels used in Tuvalu’s power stations are imported by BP (formerly British Petroleum). There is no competition in Tuvalu’s power generation and distribution, with the Tuvalu Electricity Corporation (TEC), which is 100 per cent owned by the government, having exclusive rights to supply electricity to all the islands.
Rainfall and rainwater harvesting is the primary source of water supply in Tuvalu. Groundwater is used for domestic needs in the outer islands and as an emergency supply in times of drought. In 2011 the country experienced one of the worst droughts in its history, forcing it to declare a state of emergency and rely on international aid during the crisis.