Constitution of Uganda
Status: Republic with executive President
Legislature: Parliament of Uganda
Independence: 9 October 1962
The present constitution was promulgated in October 1995, completing a process begun in 1989. It provided that until 2000, elections were to be held under the ‘movement system’ (introduced in 1986), whereby candidates stand as individuals to be elected on personal merit, and not as members of a political party. The ‘movement system’ ended in 2005 when the people voted in a constitutional referendum in favour of introduction of a multiparty political system.
The constitution provides for a unitary republic, an executive president directly elected every five years by universal adult suffrage and Parliament which comprises 375 elected members, 238 directly elected every five years by universal adult suffrage and the rest elected from special interest groups by electoral colleges: women (112 members), the defence forces (10 members), youth (5), disabled people (5) and workers (5). The president appoints the cabinet. Since 2005 there has been no limit on the number of terms a president may serve.