Judicial System of Ghana


judicial systems

Supreme court: Supreme Court of Ghana

Ministry: Justice and Attorney-General

The justice system is broadly based on English Common Law, and the law relating to personal relationships and contracts is rooted in Ghanaian customary law. The Supreme Court is the final court of appeal and has jurisdiction over constitutional issues. The Court of Appeal deals with appeals relating to the High Court, which has jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases except where they concern treason.

All but the most serious civil and criminal cases, and cases under family law, are heard in the circuit courts. These courts also deal with appeals arising from the district courts within their region. The least serious civil cases and most criminal cases come, in the first instance, before the district courts in which magistrates preside. There are also juvenile courts for those under 17 years of age.

The chief justice of the Supreme Court is nominated by the president and approved by parliament.