National Population Commission of Nigeria

… Providing data for national planning

The National Population Commission (NPC) of Nigeria was established by the federal government in 1988. It has the statutory powers to collect, analyse and disseminate population/demographic data in the country. It is also mandated to undertake demographic sample surveys, compile, collate and publish migration and civil registration statistics as well as monitor the country’s population policy.

The Commission was reconstituted in 2001 with a Chairman and 37 members representing each state of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory. The Commission has a network of offices covering all the administrative tiers of the country: Federal, State and Local Government Areas (LGAs).


The Commission shall have power to:

  • Undertake periodic enumeration of the population through sample surveys, censuses or otherwise
  • Establish and maintain machinery for continuous and universal registration of births and deaths throughout the Federation
  • Advise the President on population matters
  • Publish and provide information data on population for the purpose of facilitating economic and development planning
  • Appoint and train, or arrange for the appointment and training of, enumerators or other staff of the Commission

National Population Policy

Managing Nigeria’s Population

The National Policy on Population for Sustainable Development outlines a multi-sectoral strategy for the challenges posed by rapid population growth. The policy strives to inform all stakeholders about the linkages between population and developmental issues, such as health and education, and informing people of the effect which population has on the well being and quality of life of all Nigerians.

Specific  Goals

  • To achieve sustained economic growth, poverty eradication, protection of the environment and provision of quality of social services
  • To achieve a balance between population growth rate and available resources
  • To improve the productive health of all Nigerians at every stage of the life cycle
  • To accelerate the response to HIV/AIDS epidemics and other related health issues
  • To achieve a balanced and integrated urban and rural development


  • Achieve a reduction of the national population growth rate to 2 per cent or lower by the year 2015
  • Achieve a reduction in total fertility rate of at least 0.6 children every five years
  • Increase the modern contraceptive prevalence rate by at least 2 per cent per year
  • Reduce the infant mortality rate to 35 per 1000 live births by 2015
  • Reduce the child mortality rate to 45 per 1000 live births by 2015
  • Reduce maternal mortality ratio to 125 per 100,000 live births by 2010 and to 75 by 2015
  • Achieve sustainable basic education as soon as possible prior to the year 2015
  • Eliminate the gap between men and women in enrolment in secondary school, tertiary, vocational and technical education training by 2015
  • Eliminate illiteracy by 2020
  • Achieve a 25 per cent reduction in HIV/AIDS adult prevalence every five years


  • Educate every Nigerian child of full secondary school education
  • Promote the use of modern and natural family planning methods by couples
  • Empower women to widen their economic choices and increase their contributions to the family and the society
  • Immunise every Nigerian child against preventable communicable diseases
  • Increase opportunities for women to participate in national development activities
  • Increase production of food locally
  • Increase youth employment
  • Provide basic infrastructure in the rural areas to improve the quality of life
  • Protect the natural environment
  • Promote economic growth through investment and small-scale enterprises

Achieving these will support Nigeria’s achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Effective management of the National Population Programme is a national priority which demands the commitment, co-operation, collaboration and support of all the stakeholders, including the political and opinion leaders, policy makers in government and private sectors, non- governmental and civil society groups, donor/development partners, community leaders and community-based organisations, traditional religious leaders, mass media and the general public.

National Population Commission of Nigeria

Contact National Population Commission of Nigeria